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Nanjing

Nanjing is one of the last cities on the Yangtze River and capital of the Jiangsu province. The city today is a multiple force on the economy, producing many industrial goods used throughout the country and for exportation to the world. It is also a vital transportation hub and communication center, not to mention one of the 4 major scientific research and educational cities in China. Nanjing continues to grow economically in double digit percentages every year, leaving its mark on the nation in many ways.Still, Nanjing is a city of much cultural heritage to explore and learn even if it is a modern hub these days. 

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A Brief History
Nanjing, called Ning for short, is located in the Yangtze River Delta. With history of over 6,000 years, Nanjing has become a famous historical and cultural city since it was established 2,500 years ago. Since the 3rd Century AD, 10 dynasties and regimes made Nanjing the capital and established the country: Wu, Eastern Jin, Southern Dynasties (Sung, Qi, Liang, Chen), Southern Tang, Ming, Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and the Republic of China, hence the titles “Ancient Capital for Six Dynasties” and “Capital City for Ten Dynasties”.


Climate
The city enjoys 4 seasons including a monsoon period every year. Nanjing is frost-free about 237 days out of the year and has an average annual temperature of 16 degrees Celsius. Summers are very hot and humid while winters are cold and damp. Temperatures in the summer remain high without much reprieve.

Population
Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province with the total area of 6598 square kilometers, including 4728 square kilometers as urban area, and its total population is 10.127 million(2011).

Cultural and Historical Sites
Nanjing is an age-old city with both modern and ancient features. It served as the capital for six ancient dynasties, and harbors some glorious remnants of times gone by. History has left the place numerous historical sites and heritage relics which now constitute the main attractions. The most popular tourist scenes in Nanjing include the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, the Ming Tombs, Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre, the City Wall of Nanjing, and more.


Tourist Scenes
Known as the capital city of six dynasties in ancient Chinese history, Nanjing has a brilliant cultural heritage including mausoleums, temples, museums, classical gardens and many other historical and cultural sites. The most famous are Xuan Wu Park,the Purple Mountain,the Jiming Temple.In addition, the Qin Huai River is a beautiful destination as well as Confucius Temple, and The Gate of China (Zhonghuamen). 


Shopping
Xinjiekou is the main shopping district in the city center similar to those found in Tokyo or New York City. You can find most of the top local, regional, national, and international brands here. Hunan Road is like Xinjiekou but on a smaller scale. Finally, be sure to do some shopping around the Confucius Temple market where you can find delightful clothing and artisanal items. Aqua City Shopping Center near Confucius Temple has many western brands and goods available.

Food
Nanjing food is a smooth combination of regional and local flavors. Traditional Nanjing style is called Jiangsu cuisine based off the name of the province and is distinguished by its original flavor and fresh, raw ingredients. You will find your plates are often well orchestrated in terms of colors and presentation with only minimal seasoning and oil. This yields flavors that are mellow and subtle, suiting all palates. Some of the best places to try typical Jiangsu food are around Qinghuai River and Hunan Road. There are countless street stalls that offer local favorites such as duck blood vermicelli, baozi (steamed buns stuffed with pork), roast beef, salty duck, animal stomach, chicken feet (also known as phoenix feet), xiaolongbao (delicate dumplings filled with soup and meat), tangbao (similar dumplings with crab meat and soup), and much more.







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